検証:市販の単語帳は本当に正しいのか?


angry-main_Foto

CNNやTIMEなどの英字新聞を読むためには高い語彙力がなければいけません。

今や数多くの単語帳が販売される中でどれを選べばいいかわからない学習者の皆さんもおおいと思います。そこで私は日頃から疑問に抱いていたことを今日皆さんと共有したいと思います。それは…

各出版会社が扱っているデータベースは本当に正しいのか?」ということです。

英検やTOEICなどの資格対策本は抜きにしても、中には

このレベルを覚えれば英字新聞や雑誌もスラスラ読める

といったある種の基準を作られている教材もあります。

それがどこまで正しいのかをかなりの時間を使って検証してみました!!

語彙研究で良く用いられる道具の1つにVOCABPROFILE(BNC)があります。BNCとは、British National Corpusと呼ばれる総語数が約1億語にのぼるデータベースのことで、90%が文章から、残り10%は会話から成り立っています。この1億語の英単語を頻度順に並べ、頻度ごとに1,000語ずつのグループに分け、頻出20グループ(1,000語レベル〜20,000語レベル)、すなわち頻出2万語を検索できるのがVOCABPROFILEです。

このツールを使用してTIMEの記事で使用されている語彙レベルを検証した結果、

10,000語レベルの語彙をマスターしておけば、98%の単語がカバーできる

ことがわかりました。しかし、記事も一定のレベルではありませんから、時には12,000語レベルや13,000語レベルの単語もちょろっと出てくることもあります。

では、大手の出版会社で出されている「英字新聞がスラスラ読める10,000語レベル」は本当にこのレベルと同じなのか?

【検証材料】 ア◯ク 「◯◯の英単語」(表紙は加工してあります)

2015y08m02d_220746700

【結果】

10,000レベルとして掲載されていた1,000語のうち10,000レベル以上の語彙の数はなんと…

40語…

 

 

 

ちなみに8,000〜9,000語を含めても

 

177語…

 

しかありませんでした。(泣く)これでは一生懸命覚えてもスラスラと読めるまではいきません。とても残念な結果です。まさかの二桁台。ちなみに、BNCの膨大なデータが示す10,000レベル語彙リストが下記です。

  1. abet
  2. abject
  3. ablaze
  4. abode
  5. abreast
  6. absolve
  7. abstention
  8. accordion
  9. actuary
  10. adage
  11. admiralty
  12. adverb
  13. aegis
  14. aerate
  15. aeronautics
  16. afoot
  17. aghast
  18. agnostic
  19. airlock
  20. airwave
  21. ajar
  22. alder
  23. alderman
  24. alias
  25. altruistic
  26. amalgam
  27. ambulate
  28. amnesia
  29. amphetamine
  30. anaerobic
  31. anathema
  32. android
  33. anemone
  34. angst
  35. antagonise
  36. antipathy
  37. antiquarian
  38. antiquated
  39. antiseptic
  40. aphid
  41. apportion
  42. arbitrage
  43. arcane
  44. archipelago
  45. armoury
  46. aromatherapy
  47. artifice
  48. ascetic
  49. assiduous
  50. assuage
  51. astray
  52. astride
  53. astrophysics
  54. atrophy
  55. audacious
  56. audacity
  57. audiovisual
  58. aural
  59. auspicious
  60. autoimmune
  61. avow
  62. awning
  63. awry
  64. axial
  65. ayatollah
  66. baboon
  67. backwater
  68. badminton
  69. balk
  70. ballast
  71. ballerina
  72. balm
  73. barbarism
  74. baritone
  75. barrio
  76. barrow
  77. basalt
  78. batten
  79. bawl
  80. bayonet
  81. befit
  82. beget
  83. beguile
  84. behead
  85. belittle
  86. bemoan
  87. bereft
  88. bewitch
  89. bicep
  90. biennial
  91. billionaire
  92. biochemistry
  93. biomedical
  94. bison
  95. bistro
  96. blanch
  97. bleep
  98. blip
  99. blithe
  100. blotch
  101. bode
  102. bodice
  103. boisterous
  104. bombshell
  105. bondage
  106. boogie
  107. botch
  108. bovine
  109. brainstorm
  110. bramble
  111. bravado
  112. broadside
  113. bronco
  114. brusque
  115. buffeted
  116. bulimia
  117. bulkhead
  118. bungle
  119. burnish
  120. buzzard
  121. bygone
  122. cacophony
  123. cadence
  124. cajole
  125. camaraderie
  126. cameo
  127. canary
  128. canny
  129. capacitor
  130. capricious
  131. carnation
  132. cartography
  133. cashmere
  134. cask
  135. caster
  136. cataclysm
  137. cataract
  138. catchment
  139. cauldron
  140. cauliflower
  141. caviar
  142. cellulose
  143. chafe
  144. chagrin
  145. chalet
  146. chameleon
  147. charade
  148. chardonnay
  149. chastise
  150. cheetah
  151. chieftain
  152. chives
  153. chromium
  154. chubby
  155. chug
  156. cinder
  157. circumspect
  158. cistern
  159. clank
  160. clique
  161. coaster
  162. cobweb
  163. cog
  164. cogent
  165. cognac
  166. colorectal
  167. colosseum
  168. comfy
  169. commensurate
  170. commonality
  171. communique
  172. compatriot
  173. comptroller
  174. conceit
  175. concentric
  176. concord
  177. concourse
  178. condominium
  179. conflate
  180. confluence
  181. conical
  182. connotation
  183. consort
  184. contra
  185. contraption
  186. contrite
  187. conundrum
  188. convalesce
  189. convex
  190. copulate
  191. corduroy
  192. coriander
  193. corset
  194. counterpoint
  195. coursed
  196. courtier
  197. cowardice
  198. crafty
  199. crass
  200. crescendo
  201. crickets
  202. crotch
  203. crucible
  204. cum
  205. curd
  206. currant
  207. cutlery
  208. cyclone
  209. cypress
  210. cyst
  211. dandelion
  212. dank
  213. dans
  214. dapple
  215. dearth
  216. debase
  217. decapitate
  218. decelerate
  219. decibel
  220. decked
  221. decry
  222. defraud
  223. defunct
  224. deity
  225. dejected
  226. deleterious
  227. delicatessan
  228. delirious
  229. deliverance
  230. deluxe
  231. demented
  232. demob
  233. demonstrable
  234. demure
  235. denunciation
  236. deprave
  237. derange
  238. descriptor
  239. desecrate
  240. despicable
  241. detritus
  242. dialysis
  243. diaper
  244. diaspora
  245. dictum
  246. didactic
  247. digress
  248. dill
  249. dime
  250. ding
  251. dingy
  252. dioxin
  253. disallow
  254. disavow
  255. disburse
  256. disembark
  257. disembodied
  258. disenfranchise
  259. dishevelled
  260. dishonour
  261. disincentive
  262. disloyal
  263. disobey
  264. dispassionate
  265. dispiriting
  266. displease
  267. docile
  268. doe
  269. dote
  270. doth
  271. dour
  272. dowry
  273. draconian
  274. dragonfly
  275. drool
  276. drudge
  277. druid
  278. dumpling
  279. dungeon
  280. duodenum
  281. duplex
  282. duress
  283. dyke
  284. dynamism
  285. dynamo
  286. earshot
  287. echelon
  288. edict
  289. effigy
  290. ejaculate
  291. electrolyte
  292. elk
  293. embattled
  294. embezzle
  295. emblazon
  296. emboss
  297. emeritus
  298. eminence
  299. emissary
  300. emotive
  301. emu
  302. encrypt
  303. encumber
  304. enmity
  305. enormity
  306. entomology
  307. entranced
  308. entwine
  309. epilepsy
  310. epithet
  311. epitome
  312. epsilon
  313. equestrian
  314. ergonomics
  315. escalator
  316. ether
  317. ethereal
  318. evacuee
  319. exchequer
  320. excommunicate
  321. executor
  322. exonerate
  323. exorbitant
  324. expedite
  325. explicate
  326. expo
  327. expropriate
  328. extravaganza
  329. extricate
  330. extrinsic
  331. fahrenheit
  332. fanfare
  333. fastidious
  334. feline
  335. fen
  336. fennel
  337. feral
  338. festoon
  339. fete
  340. fiat
  341. fickle
  342. figurine
  343. filly
  344. firth
  345. fitful
  346. flagrant
  347. flammable
  348. flotation
  349. flout
  350. flue
  351. fluoride
  352. fluster
  353. fondle
  354. forebear
  355. foreboding
  356. foreshadow
  357. fortuitous
  358. foundered
  359. foundry
  360. fowl
  361. fraternal
  362. frenetic
  363. frieze
  364. frigate
  365. frolic
  366. frond
  367. frugal
  368. fruition
  369. fÃœhrer
  370. gamut
  371. gaol
  372. garb
  373. garish
  374. gauntlet
  375. gauze
  376. genera
  377. genteel
  378. geothermal
  379. gills
  380. giraffe
  381. gist
  382. glen
  383. glitz
  384. gloat
  385. gnarled
  386. goad
  387. goo
  388. goof
  389. grandstand
  390. gregarious
  391. grisly
  392. grizzly
  393. grotto
  394. grubby
  395. grumpy
  396. guarantor
  397. gubernatorial
  398. guillotine
  399. gullible
  400. habitation
  401. habituate
  402. haemoglobin
  403. hallow
  404. hammock
  405. hamster
  406. handset
  407. hardcore
  408. haughty
  409. havens
  410. headland
  411. hearsay
  412. heathen
  413. heckle
  414. hedgehog
  415. hedonist
  416. heirloom
  417. hemp
  418. hepatic
  419. hereafter
  420. hereby
  421. hermeneutic
  422. hernia
  423. herpes
  424. heterogeneous
  425. hexagon
  426. hiatus
  427. hibernate
  428. hilt
  429. hinterland
  430. homogeneity
  431. honk
  432. hornet
  433. husk
  434. hydroelectric
  435. hyperbole
  436. immaterial
  437. immunology
  438. imp
  439. impassioned
  440. impedance
  441. imperious
  442. impervious
  443. implacable
  444. impregnate
  445. impunity
  446. impute
  447. incandescent
  448. incipient
  449. inculcate
  450. indecision
  451. indelible
  452. indignity
  453. indigo
  454. indisputable
  455. industrious
  456. inferno
  457. infinitive
  458. inkling
  459. inquisition
  460. insatiable
  461. inscrutable
  462. inshore
  463. insolent
  464. insular
  465. integer
  466. inter
  467. intercede
  468. intercom
  469. interlocutor
  470. interstellar
  471. intransigent
  472. intrepid
  473. introvert
  474. invincible
  475. iodine
  476. irate
  477. irreverent
  478. itinerant
  479. jackpot
  480. jaded
  481. jangle
  482. jaundice
  483. jettison
  484. jetty
  485. joiner
  486. joist
  487. jovial
  488. jubilant
  489. jurist
  490. jus
  491. kaleidoscope
  492. keg
  493. ketchup
  494. kinsman
  495. kip
  496. knickers
  497. koran
  498. kosher
  499. ladle
  500. lair
  501. lanky
  502. latex
  503. laureate
  504. leaner
  505. lentil
  506. leper
  507. libido
  508. lien
  509. lilt
  510. liqueur
  511. listless
  512. lite
  513. lithe
  514. litigant
  515. loafed
  516. locust
  517. loin
  518. loiter
  519. loll
  520. longitude
  521. loony
  522. lope
  523. lubricant
  524. luscious
  525. lynch
  526. macabre
  527. mach
  528. mackerel
  529. maestro
  530. magma
  531. magnum
  532. malaise
  533. malleable
  534. mandible
  535. manifold
  536. mannerism
  537. manoeuvre
  538. mantra
  539. maraud
  540. marinade
  541. marinate
  542. marksman
  543. marmalade
  544. mart
  545. marten
  546. mascot
  547. maul
  548. mausoleum
  549. mauve
  550. measles
  551. melanoma
  552. melodramatic
  553. mercantile
  554. meridian
  555. metastasis
  556. meteorology
  557. methyl
  558. microcosm
  559. microfilm
  560. micron
  561. millisecond
  562. minnow
  563. minuscule
  564. mirage
  565. mirth
  566. mitt
  567. modal
  568. modality
  569. mollusc
  570. monsoon
  571. montage
  572. mores
  573. morgue
  574. moron
  575. morose
  576. morsel
  577. mortify
  578. mortuary
  579. motley
  580. mummies
  581. musk
  582. musty
  583. myocardial
  584. myopia
  585. nacional
  586. namesake
  587. nappy
  588. nascent
  589. nativity
  590. nautical
  591. navel
  592. necrosis
  593. negotiable
  594. neurosis
  595. neurotransmitter
  596. nexus
  597. nodule
  598. noose
  599. nosy
  600. nucleotide
  601. nymph
  602. objectify
  603. ochre
  604. octagon
  605. ode
  606. oedema
  607. oesophagus
  608. officiate
  609. ointment
  610. omega
  611. onus
  612. opioid
  613. orb
  614. ornithology
  615. ostracise
  616. ostrich
  617. outcrop
  618. outdo
  619. outlandish
  620. outlive
  621. outmoded
  622. outperform
  623. outpouring
  624. overburden
  625. overcast
  626. overdrive
  627. oversimplify
  628. oversized
  629. oxidation
  630. oxidise
  631. pacify
  632. paddock
  633. paddy
  634. padlock
  635. paediatric
  636. pail
  637. palazzo
  638. palsy
  639. paltry
  640. panacea
  641. pancreas
  642. pander
  643. panned
  644. pantomime
  645. panty
  646. pap
  647. papacy
  648. parapet
  649. paraphernalia
  650. paratrooper
  651. parenthesis
  652. parmesan
  653. parson
  654. particulate
  655. partridge
  656. passover
  657. pate
  658. patrician
  659. patter
  660. paucity
  661. pauper
  662. peeve
  663. pelican
  664. penance
  665. penitence
  666. pennant
  667. penthouse
  668. percolate
  669. perfusion
  670. peroxide
  671. pester
  672. petrochemical
  673. petulant
  674. phallus
  675. pharmacology
  676. philanthropy
  677. physiotherapist
  678. pillage
  679. pique
  680. pith
  681. placard
  682. placenta
  683. plagiarise
  684. plaintive
  685. plait
  686. plankton
  687. plop
  688. plumb
  689. polaroid
  690. polymerase
  691. ponderous
  692. poodle
  693. populous
  694. porcelain
  695. poring
  696. portent
  697. posterity
  698. pothole
  699. potion
  700. potty
  701. pow
  702. pragmatist
  703. prance
  704. prank
  705. preamble
  706. precipitous
  707. precocious
  708. preconception
  709. predate
  710. prenatal
  711. prescriptive
  712. primeval
  713. priory
  714. prix
  715. probate
  716. procrastinate
  717. procreate
  718. progeny
  719. proletarian
  720. promiscuous
  721. prophesy
  722. prosaic
  723. proscribe
  724. prosthesis
  725. prostrate
  726. providence
  727. provost
  728. prudential
  729. pseudonym
  730. psychedelic
  731. psychopath
  732. pubic
  733. publicist
  734. pucker
  735. pueblo
  736. pulley
  737. pummel
  738. punctual
  739. puny
  740. puree
  741. quadrant
  742. quark
  743. quart
  744. quasar
  745. queasy
  746. quench
  747. quibble
  748. quizzical
  749. radiotherapy
  750. radon
  751. rampart
  752. ramshackle
  753. ransack
  754. rapt
  755. reassemble
  756. recalcitrant
  757. recap
  758. recast
  759. recrimination
  760. rectory
  761. refinance
  762. regent
  763. reincarnating
  764. renege
  765. replete
  766. repugnant
  767. repulsive
  768. requiem
  769. res
  770. respiration
  771. rewind
  772. rheumatoid
  773. rhododendron
  774. rhubarb
  775. rickety
  776. romanesque
  777. rosary
  778. rosette
  779. rottweiler
  780. rubric
  781. rucksack
  782. ruff
  783. rumple
  784. rupee
  785. saffron
  786. salami
  787. salmonella
  788. sampler
  789. sanctify
  790. sanguine
  791. sans
  792. sapling
  793. savvy
  794. scab
  795. scalpel
  796. schism
  797. scone
  798. scuba
  799. scud
  800. scuff
  801. sedan
  802. seedy
  803. semen
  804. semester
  805. semiotic
  806. senile
  807. sensitize
  808. sentinel
  809. septic
  810. sera
  811. serotonin
  812. shag
  813. shah
  814. shanty
  815. sheaf
  816. sheathe
  817. shied
  818. shoddy
  819. shortcut
  820. sideboard
  821. sidle
  822. silica
  823. sine
  824. sinew
  825. siphon
  826. sis
  827. sketchy
  828. slag
  829. sleaze
  830. sledge
  831. sleet
  832. slurry
  833. slut
  834. smarted
  835. smite
  836. snippet
  837. snoop
  838. snout
  839. sodden
  840. sojourn
  841. somersault
  842. sonata
  843. spam
  844. spectroscopy
  845. spindle
  846. spinster
  847. splay
  848. spleen
  849. spokes
  850. spool
  851. sported
  852. springer
  853. squalor
  854. stead
  855. stencil
  856. stent
  857. stigmatise
  858. stipend
  859. stratosphere
  860. streamer
  861. submissive
  862. succulent
  863. suckle
  864. suction
  865. sufficiency
  866. suffuse
  867. sultry
  868. sundry
  869. supercomputer
  870. supposition
  871. supra
  872. sustenance
  873. swab
  874. swastika
  875. swig
  876. swindle
  877. swoon
  878. sycamore
  879. synapse
  880. synergy
  881. tabulate
  882. tacky
  883. tad
  884. tadpole
  885. talon
  886. tango
  887. tantamount
  888. tartan
  889. tawny
  890. teak
  891. technicality
  892. technocrat
  893. temperance
  894. tempest
  895. tenacity
  896. tendril
  897. terminus
  898. terracotta
  899. testosterone
  900. thermodynamic
  901. thoroughbred
  902. thoroughfare
  903. throes
  904. thrush
  905. tilled
  906. tinkle
  907. tome
  908. tomography
  909. tong
  910. topaz
  911. totter
  912. touchy
  913. tousle
  914. transducer
  915. transverse
  916. traumatise
  917. trellis
  918. trepidation
  919. trill
  920. tripartite
  921. triplet
  922. trivia
  923. truffle
  924. truncate
  925. trundle
  926. tuber
  927. turban
  928. turkeys
  929. tusk
  930. tuxedo
  931. twig
  932. twinge
  933. typography
  934. typology
  935. ubiquitous
  936. umbilical
  937. unanimity
  938. underachieve
  939. undercurrent
  940. underdog
  941. underfund
  942. underrate
  943. unfurl
  944. unicorn
  945. unwieldy
  946. upkeep
  947. upshot
  948. upstage
  949. upstart
  950. upsurge
  951. vagary
  952. vagrant
  953. valet
  954. valour
  955. variegated
  956. varsity
  957. vend
  958. venerate
  959. venison
  960. venous
  961. ventricular
  962. vertigo
  963. vestibule
  964. vicarious
  965. vigilante
  966. vignette
  967. vilify
  968. vinaigrette
  969. vindictive
  970. viper
  971. virile
  972. visor
  973. vociferous
  974. voluminous
  975. voluptuous
  976. voodoo
  977. voracious
  978. vortex
  979. voyeur
  980. wacky
  981. waddle
  982. wafer
  983. walkman
  984. wanton
  985. wayside
  986. weasel
  987. whiting
  988. whoosh
  989. wiry
  990. workhouse
  991. wrest
  992. xenophobia
  993. yeoman
  994. yew
  995. yiddish
  996. yucky
  997. zap
  998. zealot
  999. zenith
  1000. zodiac

 

以上検証おしまい!

少しでも参考になった方はツイートお願いします!!真実を多くの人へ!

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